Exercising is good for the body, but sometimes you yourself get injured while playing sports or exercise. Accidents, poor training practices, or improper gear can cause them. Some people get hurt because they are not in shape. By not warming up or stretching enough can also lead to injuries.
Athletes often get used to feeling little aches and pains on occasion, but some minor discomfort may actually be a more serious injury. Here are some of the most common sports injuries :
Knee Ligament Injuries
The knee is the largest joint and one of the most complex in the body. It is also vital for the movements. Knee ligaments connect thighbone to lower leg bones, Knee Ligament Injuries like sprains or tears are a common sports injuries. There are four major ligaments in the knee they are :
There are a number of different things that can cause injury to the ligaments in your knee:
The direct blow to the knee or knock into something with the knee.
The knee may be moved outside of its usual range of movement.
Knee Meniscal Injuries
Knee meniscal injuries happened when a forceful knee movement happend and the weight bearing on the same leg to rotate (twist) the knee while the foot is still on the ground. The two most common causes of a meniscus tear are due to traumatic injury (often seen in athletes) and degenerative processes (seen in older patients who have more brittle cartilage).
Knee Cartilage Damage
Cartilage is a tough, flexible tissue found throughout the body. Cartilage serves two main functions:
- It acts as a shock absorber
- It acts as a mould
Cartilage covers the surface of joints, enabling bones to slide over one another while reducing friction and preventing damage. It helps to support your weight when you move, bend, stretch and run. Cartilage can break off and the joint can become locked. This can lead to hemarthrosis (bleeding in the joint); the area may become blotchy and have a bruised appearance. Articular cartilage damage most commonly occurs in the knee.
The patella (knee cap) is a small bone which sits on the top of the knee & moves up & down during knee bending. Patella Dislocation is an injury of the knee, Patellar dislocations are common, particularly in adolescent females and athletes. Patients usually present with an inability to extend an obviously deformed knee. A sizable effusion may also be seen. This injury may be due to direct trauma to the patella or a valgus stress combined with flexion and external rotation.
Recurrent Dislocations of the Shoulder
Shoulder is one of the most mobile and the least stable of all the joints in the body. The shoulder joint is stabilised by the shoulder labrum and capsule. Shoulder dislocation means the head of the humerus (the ball) is completely displaced out of the glenoid (the socket). Shoulder subluxation means a ‘partial dislocation’ where the ball only slips out partially out of the joint and slips back into position again.
Rotator Cuff Tear
A rotator cuff tear is a common cause of pain and disability among adults. The rotator cuff is a group of tendons that connects the four muscles of the upper shoulder to the bones. These muscles and tendons help you to lift and rotate your arms. They also help hold the ball of your humerus firmly in your shoulder socket.
The tendons of your rotator cuff can tear for a variety of reasons:
- An injury, such as falling or being hit in the shoulder.
- Overuse over time from repeated actions, such as lifting, painting, cleaning windows, or throwing.
- Natural wear and tear from aging.
Dr. Raju Easwaran, one of the Best Sports Medicine Doctor in New Delhi offers the Best Sports Injuries Treatment in India at highly reduced costs as compared to the Western Countries.
If you want to know more about treatment procedure and cost,